Last Updated: 01/01/2022
What are Cookies?
A cookie is a small file, typically of letters and numbers, downloaded on to your computer when you access certain websites or services, including Livingston Sites and digital properties. Cookies are then read by the originating website or service on each subsequent visit to optimize your experience on the site. The data contained within is also collected and stored for analysis.
Cookies do different jobs, like letting you navigate between pages efficiently and remembering your preferences, and generally improve your experience and user friendliness on the website. They can also help to ensure that any advertisements you see online are more relevant to you and your interests.
Cookies are filed in the memory of your browser and each one typically contains:
- The name of the server the cookie was sent from;
- The lifetime of the cookie;
- A value – usually a randomly generated unique number.
The website server that sends the cookie uses this number to recognize you when you return to a site or browse from page to page. Only the server that sent a cookie can read, and therefore use, that cookie.
First and third-party cookies: whether a cookie is ‘first’ or ‘third’ party refers to the domain placing the cookie.
- First-party cookies are those set by a website that is being visited by the user at the time (e.g., cookies placed by our website domain livingstonintl.com).
- Third-party cookies are cookies that are set by a domain other than that of the website being visited by the user. If a user visits a website and another entity sets a cookie through that website, this would be a third-party cookie.
There are two types of cookies, “session” and “persistent”:
- Session cookies allow websites to link your actions during a browser session. They may be used for a variety of purposes such as remembering what you have put in your shopping basket as you browse around a site. They can also be used for security when you are accessing internet payment systems or to facilitate use of webmail. These session cookies expire after a browser session and so are not stored for a longer term.
- Persistent cookies are stored on your computer in between browser sessions and allow your preferences or actions across a site (or in some cases across different websites) to be remembered. Persistent cookies may be used for a variety of purposes including remembering your preferences and choices when using a site or to target advertising.
Which Cookies Does Livingston Use and Why?
We use the following categories of cookies on our Site:
Essential Cookies (ID session cookies) are necessary for our Site to function properly and cannot be switched off in our systems. For example, these cookies let you move around the Site and use essential features like secure areas. We use these cookies to remember information you have entered on forms during a web browser session; to identify you as being logged into our Site and to authenticate you; make sure you connect to the right service on the Site when we make any changes to the way it works for security purposes; and to route users to specific applications or specific servers. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but if you do so, some parts of the Site will not function properly and we may not be able to respond to your requests or provide you with the services you request or access on our Site.
Performance cookies collect information about how you use our Site e.g., which pages you visit, and if you experience any errors. They allow us to count Site visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our Site. For example, they help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the Site; obtain data on the number of users of the Site that have viewed a product or service; provide feedback to Livingston’s entities that one of our visitors also visited their site (‘affiliate tracking’); help us improve the website by measuring any errors that occur; test different designs for the website. Certain of our performance cookies are managed for us by third parties. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our Site and will not be able to monitor Site performance.
Functionality cookies are used to provide enhanced functionality and personalization. For example, we use functionality cookies to remember settings you’ve previously applied (e.g., language), or to provide other features to improve your visit. Some of these cookies are managed for us by third parties, including by third-party providers whose services we have added to our Site. If you do not allow these cookies, then some or all of these services may not function properly.
Advertising cookies are third-party targeting cookies used to better reach you with personalized ads and content, both on our own Site and third-party websites, apps, and other online services. Advertising cookies enable the third-party ad companies to track your visits to the Site, third-party websites, apps, and other online services, to better understand your preferences and interests in order to provide you more relevant ads on behalf of us and other companies. If you do not allow these cookies, you will still see ads online, but they may be less relevant to you.
For a list of specific cookies Livingston uses, please see the Cookie List.
How to Control Your Cookies
You can opt out and control and change certain cookies for the Site as described in this section.
Cookie Preference Manager. You can review or change your preferences for most third-party cookies and tags on this Site (or other Livingston Sites) by adjusting your Cookie Preferences for the respective Sites.
Device Settings. You can review, change and opt out of targeted advertising by adjusting your device privacy settings. This means that you will no longer get targeted ads; however, you may still receive contextual or general ads.
- For iOS devices, you can turn on the “Limit Ad Tracking” setting (go to Settings>Privacy>Advertising and select/toggle on Limit Ad Tracking).
- For Android devices, turn on “Opt out of Ads Personalization” setting (go to Settings > Privacy > Advanced > Ads and select/toggle on Opt out of Ads Personalization)
Browser Settings. You may delete, review and block cookies by adjusting your browser settings. However, if you block all cookies (including essential cookies), you may not be able to access all or parts of our Site(s) and other online services. Please see the links below for more information on how to manage cookie settings for certain bowsers:
You can control Flash cookies via the Macromedia Flash application on your computer and delete Flash cookies.
- Microsoft Edge: select “Site Permissions” and manage cookie settings: learn more
- Firefox: select “Private Browsing” and managing cookie settings: learn more
- Safari: select “Private Browsing” and managing cookie settings: learn more
- Google Chrome: select “Incognito” mode and managing cookie settings: learn more
For further information about cookies and how you can delete and control the cookies that are stored on your computer please visit: www.allaboutcookies.org.
Additional Information About Analytics and Plugins
We use third-party analytics and other tools as set forth in our Cookie List, to collect, monitor and analyze this information in order to improve functionality and user-friendliness, and to better tailor the services to our visitors’ needs.
Facebook Connect. For more information about what Facebook collects when you use Facebook buttons on the website, please see: https://www.facebook.com/about/privacy/#
Facebook Ads. For more information about what Facebook collects and your choices around Facebook Ads, please see: ttps://www.facebook.com/ads/ad_choices
Twitter. For more information about what Twitter collects when you use Twitter buttons on the website or visit pages on the website that include these buttons, please see: https://twitter.com/en/privacy
LinkedIn. For more information about what LinkedIn collects when you use LinkedIn buttons on the website or visit pages on the website that include these buttons, please see https://www.linkedin.com/legal/preview/privacy-policy.